Archive for the ‘Bihar’ Category

Fresh govt move on Naxals

July 5, 2007

PATNA: The state government is in the process of preparing a fresh list of Naxals operating in the 14 Naxal-affected districts. A separate list of hardcore Naxals is also being prepared to counter their onslaught in an effective manner.

The exhaustive exercise has been undertaken to collect all the necessary details like their leaders’ area of influence, their affiliation to various Maoist outfits and the preparedness of the police — right from the grass roots-level to that of the district headquarters.

A daylong marathon meeting on law and order and Naxalism here on Wednesday took stock of the present scenario with a view to tackling the Naxal onslaught in the state.

Chaired by CM Nitish Kumar, the first high-level meeting on law and order stressed the need for launching the much-publicised “Aapki Sarkar-Aapke Dwar” programme in districts to tackle various problems at the grass roots-level. The CM said that the government welfare programmes should be properly highlighted.

Nitish also reviewed the law and order situation in the state and issued necessary directions to the officials concerned to control crime. Besides chief secretary A K Chaudhary, home commissioner Afzal Amanullah, DGP A R Sinha, ADG (special) Abhayanand, IG (headquarters) Anil Sinha and IG (operation) S K Bhardwaj also attended the meeting.
A second round of the meeting on Naxal problem was held under the chairmanship of CS Chaudhary in which IGs were also present. The meeting continued till late evening. It will continue on Thursday as well.

Although the officials remained tightlipped over the deliberations at the meeting, sources said that the various wings of the government, including the CID, intelligence and police stations, would exchange information on a regular basis. The existing operational gaps in sharing information and constraints would be removed, said an official.

Now onwards, police informers will be protected. The state intelligence wing will also be strengthened. The meeting felt that more Central Para Military Force (CPMF) needs to be deployed in the Naxal-affected districts. The Centre has already released two companies of the CPMF as against its demand for 10 companies. The Centre has asked for the location for the remaining eight companies, Amanullah said.

Nitish expressed his unhappiness over the internal bickerings and groupism in the police headquarters. “The government is determined to continue with its ongoing development and welfare programmes. There would be no compromise on this issue. The police have been given complete freedom to act in a befitting manner while protecting human rights,” Amanullah said.



Disgruntled policemen threaten to desert bihar police force in large numbers

July 3, 2007


Patna, July 2: Ruffled by the loss of six of their fellow members in rebel raids at two police stations in Rohtas district on Saturday night, the men in uniform are up in arms — they have threatened to desert the thatched and ill-equipped police pickets across Bihar.

“Maoists are well-armed and killing our jawans at will. It’s possible because we are posted at thatched police pickets that are vulnerable and devoid of adequate number of forces, sophisticated arms, bombs and grenades,” said Bihar Police Men’s Association member Jitendra Narayan Singh.

Over 50 angry policemen led by Singh today met the state chief secretary, A.K. Choudhary, and director general of police (DGP) A.R. Sinha to submit a memorandum warning… “We will withdraw from the unsafe police pickets across the state if our demand to arm us with better weapons and build pucca houses to accommodate the police pickets are not met by the next week”.

“Maoists find it easy to use petrol bombs on the thatched structures and roast our jawans alive,” fumed Singh.

As many as nine people, including six jawans, were killed in a whiplash strike by the Maoists on the Rajpur police station and Baghela picket in Rohtas district on Saturday night. The ultras lobbed petrol bombs on the thatched Rajpur police station to set it on fire.

The state government has sent an SOS to the Centre demanding at least 10 more companies of CRPF to deal with the stepped-up strike on the state by the Maoist guerrillas.

Though the police repulsed the Maoist attack on the Madanpur police station in Aurangabad district last night, home secretary Afzal Amanullah said: “We need immediately additional central forces to deal with the situation.”

The Telegraph

Nine killed in Maoist attack in Bihar

July 1, 2007

SASARAM/BIHAR: Nine persons, including five policemen, were killed and as many were wounded as CPI-Maoist rebels carried out simultaneous attacks on a police station and an outpost in Bihar’s Rohtas district and fled with arms and ammunition.

Superintendent of Police N H Khan said around 200 Maoists simultaneously attacked the Rajpur police station and Baghaila outpost at midnight Saturday night and blew up the structures with dynamite.

The rebels fired randomly at the policemen, killing five constables, a chowkidar and three civilians, Khan said.

They looted four self-loading rifles, eight .303 rifles, two INSAS rifles, three carbines, and hundreds of rounds of ammunition during the hour-long audacious attack.

Nine others, including four policemen, were injured in the incident. While some are being treated here, the critically injured were sent to Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh.

The Naxalites left several handbills at the scene that claimed the attacks were launched to protest against the alleged naming of their comrades, including Barun, in “false cases”.

The deceased have been identified as Phulchand Munda, Shivdayal Ram, Ghoran Mandal, Mahavir Ram, Vimal Toppo (all policemen), Rajbali Singh (chowkidar), Bittu, Hardayal Ram and Dwarika Mishra (villagers).

Khan said police had engaged the attackers in a fierce battle at a place close to the scene and raids were now continuing at different places in Aurangabad and Rohtas districts to apprehend them.

The attack came close on the heels of the two-day economic blockade by the proscribed outfit from June 26 against the economic policies of the Centre including creation of Special Economic Zones and alleged torture of their comrades in police custody.

Meanwhile, police recovered six handgrenades and two rifles from a place near Obera police station in neighbouring Aurangabad district after a fierce encounter with the rebels who, however, managed to flee later.

Police fired more than 1,000 rounds in reply to hundreds of rounds fired by the Naxalites during the encounter which lasted for over three hours, official sources said.


Bihar’s forests under Naxal shadow

June 18, 2007

Posters on tree trunks inside Gaya’s forest reserve, allegedly put up by Naxals, warn of dire consequences for ‘trespassers’ including forest rangers
Naxal activity in Bihar has found a new breeding ground – the state’s only forest reserve, has fallen to the Naxals.

TIMES NOW has exclusive information that Naxals in Bihar are expanding base and encroaching on government land to make bunkers and training camps.

Naxals have targetted the forest reserve in Bihar’s Gaya district – the state’s only wildlife sanctuary the Gautam Buddha Sanctuary – as their training camp and have also made bunkers there. Out of the total area of the forest reserve, as much as 70% is under their influence. The area under question falls on the border between Bihar and Jharkhand, and is part of the infamous ‘Red Corridor’.

What is worse, the Government is aware of such illegal encroachments, but is just not equipped to doing anything about them. The sanctuary spans around 135 sq km, and has been in existence since 1979.

Forest rangers warned

The Naxals have such immense hold on the land here that they have stuck posters inside the sanctuary, warning commoners against trespassing. For the Forest Rangers, the warning is more severe. The rangers have been warned that if they tread inside the Naxal territory, they will be beheaded.

Chief Conservator of Forests (Magadh Range) U S Jha says, “We have limited resources and there is this Naxal menace which is affecting the mobility of officers.”

What makes matters worse for the forest rangers is that they cannot defend themselves as they do not have any sophisticated armoury.

Meanwhile Lal Bahadur, leader of the Maoist Communist Centre (MCC) a Naxal group, has made the following statement : “We want to drive home the point that they (Naxals) can takeover anything, their high command decides on whether to use the forest land as training camp or for making bunkers.


Upper caste hindu chops of lower caste milkman’s head for late arrival

May 8, 2007

Beheaded for late arrival


Bokaro, April 27: In a throw-back to medieval times, a security officer employed by Bokaro Steel Plant chopped off the head of a milkman last night, merely because he had been an hour late in milking the officer’s cows.

Petrified neighbours, warned not to interfere, watched as Jaiprakash Singh (55) held the milkman Upendra Yadav (32) and ordered his sons to chop off the head. The dutiful sons obliged.

The sensational crime caused a commotion and hundreds of agitated people stormed the officer’s residential quarter. But by then the officer and his sons had fled, leaving behind the officer’s wife.

When the older son, Kaushal (26), who had actually used the sword, was found hiding in a neighbour’s house this morning and arrested, the mob surrounded the sector IX police station, demanding an eye for an eye.

Tension simmered as civil and police officers tried to control the situation. The commotion continued till late in the afternoon with the mob finally demanding adequate compensation and a job for the widow. The security officer and his younger son, Chhotu Singh (22) are absconding.

Upendra Yadav’s wailing widow recalled that the officer reached the hutment, located barely 50 yards from the officer’s quarter, late in the night in an inebriated condition. Her husband, who was ailing, was asleep on a cot when the officer woke him up, tied a towel round his neck and dragged him out. The widow and neighbours kept pleading with him but the officers warned onlookers not to interfere. Horrified neighbours watched as the officer and his younger son held the poor victim down while the elder son brought down the sword on his neck.

The widow, left with three children below the age of 12, said her husband had been reaching the officer’s house late because of his own illness and also because their eldest son was not keeping well.

The security officer, said neighbours, is short-tempered, foul-mouthed and arrogant. “He always boasted of being a Rajput and a landlord and claimed it his right to keep swords at home,” recalled one.

Even the officer’s eldest son, Kaushal, has a criminal past and had shot a man dead a few years ago. He was released on bail late last year.

The Telegraph

Rebel leader in cop net

May 3, 2007

Rebel leader in cop net

Gaya, May 2: Ram Raj alias Azad, alleged to be the zonal commander of CPI (Maoist), was arrested on Tuesday evening from a beer bar in Gaya.

Azad’s arrest is being regarded as a severe jolt to the Naxalite outfit.

According to the Gaya police superintendent (SP) Amit Jain, Azad was under electronic surveillance for quite sometime now.

At the time of his arrest, the leader was enjoying a drink and talking to his friend, a performer at Sarai, one of the oldest red-light areas in the state.

Giving details of the operation that ultimately led to the arrest, Gaya SP Amit Jain said, like other Naxalite leaders, Azad, too, was “fond of good things of life, including wine and women”.

Also the levy (extortion) money at his disposal made it easy for him to indulge. Ironically, the Naxalite big gun was unarmed at the time of his arrest.

As to why a leader of his stature was moving in a crowded locality, close to Kotwali police station, unarmed, the SP believes it was either Azad’s overconfidence or because he believed he was “unrecognisable” as he was an underground agent.

Ultimately, it was Azad’s mobile phone, which proved to be of help. The police that had Azad’s number called to ascertain, who among the dozen and more bar visitors, was Azad.

According to the SP, Azad was involved in a number of Maoist operations, including the attack on Tekari and Paraiya police stations. Nearly six officers were killed during the attack on the two police stations and arms were also looted.

A resident of Goh in the neighbouring Aurangabad, Azad’s name also cropped up during the executors’ interrogation after the Jahanabad jailbreak. The Gaya police, according to sources, are gathering information from other dis tricts, especially Aurangabad, about the leader’ activities.

The Maoists, it may be recalled here, are yet to recover from the trauma caused by the arrest of Ajay Kanu and Nathun Kahar, both prominent leaders in Bihar’s Naxalite movement.

The Telegraph

Police organise camps to combat Naxalism in district

April 23, 2007

Police organise camps to combat Naxalism in district
Sunday April 22 2007 09:59 IST

DEOGARH: Police continued with their multi-pronged offensive to combat Naxalism in the district.

Carrying on its interaction with villagers under Community Policing Programme, Deogarh SP Shafeen Ahmed K, on Saturday, said he dared to hold a function in the Naxal den of Jadagola in Tuhilamal gram panchayat under Reamal block of the district.

The villagers of Jadagola, Debtadhar, Gandasahi, Kisansahi, Baghmari, Pukutimal attended. Shafeen called upon the villagers, who have joined the ultra rank and cadres, to return to the mainstream.

Elaborating on the government benefits for the surrendering ultras, he assured them of all help and support. He also felicitated the headmen of villages on the occasion.

Trains suspended as naxals seize station

April 23, 2007

Trains suspended as naxals seize station

Jamui, April 21 (PTI): Suspected naxalites of the banned CPI (Maoist) seized Narganjo halt railway station for several hours today after kidnapping the cabin master and porters to enforce a bandh called by them, leading to suspension of train services on the Howrah-Patna section of Eastern Railway.

Nearly 200 naxals swooped on the small station in Bihar’s Jamui district at around one a.m. and held the cabin master and porters captive, Railway sources said.

The cabin master informed the divisional control room at Asansol in West Bengal about the incident and that the naxalites claimed to have planted landmines on tracks, they said.

Trains, including Howrah-Amritsar Punjab Mail, Lalquila Express and Maurya Express, were controlled at Jasidih station in Jharkhand and Danapur-Durg Express and Danapur-Howrah Express at Jhajha station.

Divisional Railway Manager of Asansol division of the Eastern Railway informed the District Magistrate and Superintendent of Police of Jamui about the incident.

Contingents of special auxiliary police, government railway police, RPF and Bihar police rushed to the spot following which the naxalites retreated without causing any damage to the station or personnel.

The cabin master and porters were also set free by the naxals.

The naxalites have called a 24-hour bandh in Jamui district today to protest the death of their comrade Balgovind Yadav in Jamui jail recently.

A tower van carrying police personnel was shuttled between Jhajha and Simultala stations on both the up and down lines to look for landmines which were not found.

The tracks were cleared for train traffic around 8.15 am, sources said.

Vehicular traffic in rural pockets was badly affected due to the bandh.

“There is virtually no traffic on Sikandra-Narganjo and Jhajha-Chakai roads,” sources said, adding so far no incident of naxalite violence has been reported in the district.

The naxalites had shot dead two Railway Protection Force personnel and injured three others in a running train near Narganjo station on April Eight. They had also blown up the cabin at the same station in April 2006.

The Hindu

Woman ultra who saved the lives of six CISF men

April 14, 2007

Woman ultra who saved the lives of six CISF men

Six men including two CISF personnel were killed when the extremists attacked a CISF barrack on Saturday, April 6 at Bermo. But the six CISF men, who finally survived, owe their lives to a young woman Maoist, who had pleaded, argued and finally persuaded fellow comrades to let the injured CISF men go injured but alive.

Additional Director General of Police (Special Branch) Gauri Shankar Rath confirmed that this particular woman extremist actually saved these lives.

“When the Maoists barged into the CISF barrack after hours of gunfight, the security personnel had no ammunition left. They were injured and could not have defended them. Killing these men was the next thing expected from the Maoists. But the woman saved them. In fact, the CISF survivors have testified that had this woman not intervened, the Naxalites would have killed them,” Rath told HT on Tuesday.

According to Bokaro police officers, few of the Maoists had even cocked up their rifles. “She actually came in between and convinced the fellow comrades that killing these men will serve no purpose. It seems the women extremist despite wearing the Maoists greens still have some compassion left within,” said the Bokaro police officer.

The Maoist squad that had attacked Bermo had several women manning leadership positions. Again on Sunday, it was a group of women Maoists that sprinkled chilly powder in the eyes of five RPF men at Narganjo railway station (Bihar), and looted their weapons. Before moving out, they also shot two RPF men dead.

Similarly, it was a group of women Maoists that had snatched weapons of Sunil Mahto’s bodyguards before the other team killed the Member of Parliament from Jharkhand on March 4.

“The women Maoists are almost as skilled and dangerous as their male counterparts. Besides, the Maoists leaders find women more trustworthy, as they seldom desert the organisation,” Rath admitted.

Not surprisingly, the number of women extremists is swelling in both Jharkhand and Bihar, officers admit.

Hindustan Times

The Enduring Shock

April 14, 2007

The Enduring Shock
The government figures show that fatalities in Maoist violence in Bihar have declined over the past three years, but the continuing ‘surprise strikes’ — obviously after prolonged and meticulous preparation — remain an alarming trend. ……
Bibhu Prasad Routray

In an attack that vaguely resembled the Jehanabad jailbreak operation of November 2005, on March 31, 2007, hundreds [estimates vary between 200 to 500] of suspected cadres of the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) led simultaneous attacks on a police station, a block office and a branch of the Central Bank of India at Riga in Bihar’s Sitamarhi district bordering Nepal, 300 kilometres from capital Patna. An hour-long exchange of fire between the Maoists and the Bihar Military Police (BMP) and Special Auxiliary Police (SAP) personnel left one SAP personnel dead and half a dozen people including the bank manager injured. The Maoists attempted to blow up the Manihari road over-bridge, using ‘milk-can bombs’, in a bid to disrupt the transport link between the target of the attack and the district headquarters at Sitamarhi. Only after a SAP platoon stationed at Manihari reacted and was subsequently reinforced by personnel of the Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB, a border guarding force under the administrative control of the union home ministry) and Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), did the Maoists call off the operation and flee.

While security forces can rightly claim to have successfully repulsed the attack, what remains alarming is the continued element of surprise that such attacks bring, particularly in view of the prolonged and meticulous preparation that precedes such incidents. Revelations made by arrested Maoist leader Shivchandra Paswan, one of the senior leaders who participated in the attack, and who was arrested on April 2 from Barahi village under the Riga police station, threw light on such preparatory efforts. Paswan revealed that arms used during the attack were smuggled into Riga days before the operation, on vegetable-laden carts. The ‘area commanders’ of the outfit coordinated the attack by keeping each other involved using Chinese-made Motorola walkie-talkie sets. The Police, obviously, had little clue, as Sitamarhi district Superintendent of Police M.R. Nayak who rushed to Riga after the attack, conceded: “‘I had no intelligence inputs regarding the attack. There was no warning of any threat of Maoist attack.”

While primary investigations have established that most of the Maoist leaders and cadres involved in the attack had come from the Nepal side of the border [Riga is barely 15 kilometres from the India-Nepal border], statements emerging from Police sources after the attack underline the problem that continues to affect the performance of the security set up in most of the country’s Maoist affected states: available knowledge failing to be translated into preventive action.

Bihar Police intelligence reports indicate that the Maoists have traditionally exploited the porous Indo-Nepal border for their activities. The dense Balmiki Nagar forests on the banks of Susta river, which divides India and Nepal, have remained a safe haven for the Maoists. Areas such as West Champaran’s Bagaha along the India-Nepal border are emerging as prime recruitment grounds for the Maoists, and a Bihar Police document notes specifically that “Tharu (name of a tribe) boys and girls of Bagaha in West Champaran district have been recruited.”

While it is not easy to guard the 1,747 kilometre long India-Nepal international border, 725 kilometres of which runs along Bihar, even the large movements that would have taken place before and after the Riga attack appear to have escaped the attention of the enforcement and border security agencies. Similarly, little appears to have been deciphered from events such as the meeting that was organised by the Nepali Maoists, two days before the Riga attack, in the adjacent Gaur Bazaar in the Rautahat district across in Nepal on March 29.

The porosity of the border has become a permanent and convenient alibi to explain away Police helplessness.

Complacence is, however, certainly part of the problem. Fatalities in Maoist violence in Bihar have declined over the past three years. According to the union ministry of home affairs (MHA), left-wing extremism related fatalities declined from 171 in 2004 to 96 in 2005, and further to 45 in 2006. Maoist related incidents also dipped from 183 in 2005 to 107 in 2006. A total 257 Maoists were arrested in 2006. According to the Institute for Conflict Management database, only nine fatalities have been reported till April 4, 2007. This has been hailed as a notable ‘improvement’ in the situation both by the union government as well as the government of Bihar.

While this data is heartening, it fails to provide a complete picture of the situation on the ground. According to a March 2007 document of the Bihar Police, 30 of the 38 districts in the state have been affected by Maoist activities. Nine of these districts — Patna, Gaya, Aurangabad, Jehanabad, Arwal, Kaimur, Rohtas, Nawada and Jamui — are designated as ‘hyper-sensitive’. A further nine districts, including Bhojpur, Muzzafarpur, Sitamarhi, Motihari, Darbhanga, Saharsa, Banka, Bagaha and Sheohar, fall into the ‘sensitive’ category. The remaining 12 districts are categorised as ‘less sensitive’. Evidently, Maoist activities — if not Maoist violence — is endemic across much of the state’s territory.

Before the March 31 Riga attack, moreover, the Maoists were involved in several incidents, including at least three major attacks, in the state. On January 22, one police personnel was killed and at least two people were injured when CPI-Maoist cadres attacked the police picket at Erahi in the Buxar district. The Maoists reportedly decamped with 10 rifles. On February 27, CPI-Maoist cadres attacked a BMP camp at Khaira village in the Lakhisarai district and killed four Police personnel, besides wounding another three. The extremists decamped with one carbine, three self-loading rifles and ammunition. On the same day, Maoists blasted the railway track near the eastern cabin of Dhanauri station on Kiul-Jamalpur section of the Eastern Railway in the Lakhisarai district. They also uprooted the track at Urain station in a stretch of about 10 metres.

There is further evidence of Maoist dominance over the ‘recovered’ Bihar: the Riverine areas of Purnia, Katihar, Sitamarhi and Saharsa remain safe havens for the CPI-Maoist. Maoist recruitment and training centres are known to operate in the southern Bihar districts of Jamui, Gaya and Kaimur. Three schools at Amba in the Aurangabad district have closed down since February 2007 after the Maoists threatened to blow them up unless school authorities paid a ‘levy’. Since then, classes are being conducted in open fields by irregular teachers, as the permanent teachers have fled out of fear. In the Gaya district, Maoists have set up ‘People’s Courts’ to try those charged with robbery and rape. The accused are hung up-side-down from trees and beaten till they ‘confess’ to their crimes.

Following the Riga attack, the state government contended that the attack was a consequence of the March 2007 diversion of 10 CRPF companies from the northern Bihar districts to the election-bound state of Uttar Pradesh by the Union government. Since 2006, Bihar has had 23 companies of the CRPF at its disposal, out of a total of 30 in the state, for dedicated counter-Maoist operations. However, the need to provide Uttar Pradesh with 700 companies of Central Paramilitary Forces (CPMFs) led to the unilateral move, a decision which was reportedly resisted by the state Chief Secretary and Home Secretary.

While Bihar initially appears to have been a victim of New Delhi’s myopic policies, the reality is somewhat more complex.

First, while the MHA had asked the Bihar government to temporarily relieve 10 of the 30 companies of CPMFs deployed in the state, the decision of the locations from where this force was to be withdrawn was left to the discretion of the state government’s and its assessment of available intelligence. Secondly and crucially, the persistent dependence on the Centre is increasingly unsustainable. The MHA, for instance, contends that the state government has raised only two of the three sanctioned India Reserve Battalions (IRBs), thus continuing its dependence on Central Forces. Bihar’s state Police Force, moreover, is one of the worst in the country, with the lowest police to population ratio (at 56 per 100,000 population, against a national average of 122 per 100,000), and the neglect of the state’s security administration has been both protracted and abysmal.

The reality in Bihar, as in most of the 16 Maoist-afflicted states in the country — with the dramatic exception of Andhra Pradesh — is that the enforcement and intelligence agencies are yet to come to grips with the character, nuances and scale of the Maoist threat, and have been repeatedly overwhelmed by ‘surprise’ attacks. The sheer capacities required to contain the Maoist threat are lacking, and the understanding of Maoist strategies, both of mobilisation and of protracted war, are severely deficient. The approach within the security set-up of most affected states remains defensive, leaving the initiative almost entirely in Maoist hands, while the enforcement agencies continue to function within the context of a ‘routine law-and-order’ context that is entirely incapable of identifying and monitoring indices of the gradual Maoist mobilisation and consolidation that precedes the orchestration of violence.

The killing of the Jharkhand Mukti Morcha (JMM) Member of Parliament, Sunil Mahato on March 4 in Jharkhand, the attack on the Rani Bodli Police camp in Chhattisgarh on March 15, the April 6-attack on the Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) camp and a Police station at Bermo in Jharkhand and the Riga attack in Bihar represent the beginning of a new phase of high-profile Maoist strikes, especially in regions where large mining, irrigation or industrial projects are ongoing or planned — a fact that is strongly corroborated in the Maoist literature. An eight-page ‘annual report’ of the ‘Central Military Commission’ of the CPI-Maoist (October 2005 — September 2006), seized by security forces in March 2007, lists several upcoming projects in Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand and Andhra Pradesh as targets for such attacks. The list includes proposed bauxite mines operated by the Jindal group near Visakhapatnam; the Polvaram irrigation project in Andhra Pradesh; projects of the Tata, Essar and Jindal groups in Chhattisgarh; the Rajghara-Raoghat-Jagdalpur Railway line; the Posco and Tata steel plants in Orissa; power plants of the Reliance group; and the ongoing Narmada projects in Madhya Pradesh.

On April 4, Bihar’s Chief Minister Nitish Kumar came up with the routine responses that inevitably follow each Maoist strike. He asked his top bureaucrats and police officers to strengthen the defence mechanism by speedy restoration and strengthening of basic infrastructure in Left Wing extremism-affected areas. Given the track record of the state government, it is, however, difficult to imagine that the Riga episode will bring about any radical transformation in the way the state has battled left-wing extremism thus far.

Bibhu Prasad Routray is Research Fellow, Institute for Conflict Management. Courtesy, the South Asia Intelligence Review of the South Asia Terrorism Portal


Red storm kills strikes CISF Camp

April 9, 2007
Red storm kills strikes CISF Camp
Maoists decamp with arms, ammunition

A jawan looks for his belongings in the rubble. Picture by Pankaj Kumar

Bokaro, April 7: A day after the daring attack by Maoists, the CISF camp at Khasmahal, barely 300 metres from Bokaro Thermal Township, looked as if a storm had blown over it.

Heavy explosives and grenades had ripped through the seven rooms in the camp while a CISF truck, parked inside the camp, appeared to have borne the brunt of a mine-blast.

The rebels used country-made rocket launchers to keep reinforcements away. Molotov cocktails, can bombs and grenades were used to keep people indoors while public address systems ordered the CISF men to surrender.

The Maoists were apparently after the cache of assault rifles delivered to the camp a few weeks ago. But the consignment had been removed and the Naxalites failed to lay their hands on them.

Rebels at large, police could only recover a rifle, a mobile phone and cartridges today left behind by the Naxalites.

A landmine was used to blow up the Pilpilo bridge around 8 pm last evening. The deafening sound was the signal for the attack to commence.

A tree was felled to block the road at Kanjkiro, landmines were laid on the Gandhinagar highway. Rebels poured diesel and grease along the road.

The Maoists were led by six zonal commanders, including three young women.

The four-hour gun battle eventually left six persons, including four civilians, dead. After resisting the attack for four hours, the outnumbered CISF personnel abandoned the camp.

The rebels walked in and left after collecting four self-loading rifles and ammunition. Three women, recalls one of the four CISF jawans who reiterated, entered the camp after they ran out of ammunition.

The two CISF personnel killed in the incident have been identified as Captain Boi and Hoshiar Singh. Vijay Singh, Bharat Singh, Mukhdev Singh and Bhagwan Singh are the civilians who lost their lives.

The civilians were shot dead when the truck and the dumpers they were travelling did not stop obeying the rebels’ command.

All the three vehicles skidded on grease and came to a halt before the cowering civilians were dragged out and shot at.

The additional home secretary of the Union government, Vinay Kumar, visiting the spot promised all the needed support to Jharkhand to fight the rebels. State home secretary Sudhir Tripathy and IG (operations) of Jharkhand D. Pandey accompanied Kumar to the spot.

Kumar said security forces should be armed with sophisticated weapons to curb the growth of the Maoists in the state. He also stressed better transportation and intelligence networking.

Speaking about the incident of Nawadih, in which 15 Special Task Force personnel were blown into pieces, Kumar said the accident took place due to the irresponsible act of the police officers.

Director-general of CISF and CRPF S.I.S Ahmad, inspector-general of CISF Ajeet Singh Shekhawat, AIG of CISF J.S. Negi also inspected the spot.

Ahmad assured none of the CISF camps would be shifted from the state and promised more arms and better training to the para-military forces to counter such attacks in future.

The Telegraph

Naxal Area Commander Arrested in Gaya

April 9, 2007

Naxal Area Commander Arrested in Gaya

Gaya: April 8, 2007

In a combing operation jointly undertaken by the Central Reserve Protection Force (CRPF) and a Special Task Force (STF) to flush out Maoist guerillas from their hideouts, officials in Gaya, on Sunday, caught one Hridaya Ravi Das, a Maoist area commander wanted in several attacks on police stations, following an encounter at Hasanpur village.

As reported, the leftist extremists opened fire on the police team engaged in searching for Maoists hiding in Hasanpur village.

In retaliation, the joint force of the CRPF and STF also opened fire forcing the extremists to retreat. The police, however, managed to chase Das and arrested him after minor scuffle.

While no one was said to be hurt in the incident, the police recovered a large cache of arms and ammunition including three rifles earlier looted from a police station, an SLR, a country-made rifle, and over 300 live cartridges of various calibers.

The police also recovered Naxal literature, army fatigue, and several landmine devices, officials said.

Das, a native of Gaya, has admitted of his involvement in a number of attacks on police stations and police outposts located in the remote areas in the district.

Meanwhile, a red alert has been issued in the state following the Maoist attack on Howrah-Gaya passenger in Jamui district in which two railway police jawans were killed.

Security has also been heightened in all trains under Danapur division of the East-Central Railways, security commissioner Rajendra Babu said.


Naxals evade ‘intelligence’ net

April 9, 2007

Naxals evade ‘intelligence’ net

PATNA: Outlawed they may be, but Maoists operating in Bihar and Jharkhand appear to be more “intelligent” than the law-enforcing agencies of the two states.

The failure of state intelligence agencies to get even an inkling of the Maoist operations in recent times is a pointer to this grim reality.

Sample this: Of the 40,000-odd police officers and regular forces comprising the Jharkhand police, 1,100 have been posted with its intelligence wing, Special Branch.

And 1,700 of the 80,000-plus forces of the Bihar police work exclusively for intelligence gathering. In both states, the Special Branch is headed by an ADGP-rank officer.

Yet not even a single individual had any information before 1,000 men and women, heavily armed and equipped with walkie-talkies, attacked Madhuban town in Bihar’s East Champaran district in June 2005; or when more than 500 Naxalites raided Jehanabad jail in Bihar in November 2005 and freed all the prisoners; or, for that matter, when over 400 descended on the state’s Riga town in March this year.

Similarly, the number of Naxalites participating in operations in Jharkhand has also not been less than 100 each time.

They were more than 100 when they hijacked the Barkakana-Barwadih train near Barkakana in March 2006 and kept the passengers hostage for the whole night. As many as 300 of them attacked the CISF camp at Bokaro last Friday.

And not these operations were executed suddenly.”They must have been pre-planned and well-coordinated as each operation involved participation of hundreds of armed activists,” said a Naxal watcher.

CPI (Maoist) sub-zonal commander Bhagirath Mahto’s statement to Jharkhand police also suggests this. Mahto, arrested from Hazaribagh district in February this year, is learnt to have told the police that Maoist squads have been asked for quite sometime by their central committee to”kill” politicians and policemen and”loot arms” in order to boost the morale of its cadres.

“What intelligence? So many people move around with arms and the police come to know about it after the attackers pull their triggers,” a retired police officer said. Even Bihar chief minister Nitish Kumar was on record having termed”intelligence” as”zero”.

As for the arrest of Maoists after the operations, Jharkhand Special Branch ADGP Neyaz Ahmed admitted that Naxalites moving in groups of hundreds are difficult to be identified and trapped.”But based on inputs from police sources in villages, we do arrest a few of them,” he added.

However, sceptics doubt the police claims. “Don’t go by the number of arrest being given by the police… Ask the police how come the sophisticated arms that are used in the Naxal operations are not recovered from the possession of those arrested,” said the Naxal watcher.

Toiletpaper of India

Maoist Attack in Sitamarhi; Bank Looted

April 2, 2007

Maoist Attack in Sitamarhi; Bank Looted

Patna: Mar. 31, 2007

Over 500 heavily armed Maoist terrorists in the small town of Riga in Sitamarhi district on Saturday afternoon seized a bank and opened hundreds of rounds of fire on a police station killing one Special Auxiliary Police (SAP) jawan while getting away with an undisclosed amount of money.

As reported, hundreds of Naxalites including many women, arrived at Riga in trucks and tractors and after seizing the banks at gun points, shot the assistant manager of a Central Bank of India branch before plundering the entire place.

More than a thousand rounds were fired between the n and the naxalites and police but that gave enough opportunity to the criminals to rob the bank and escape with several lakh rupees.

While escaping, the Maoists also blew up a small bridge in Maniari, reports said.

Patna Daily

Naxal carrying Rs 1 lakh reward held

December 21, 2006

Naxal carrying Rs 1 lakh reward held

Gaya, Dec 20: A member of the CPI (Maoist) central committee, Arun Paswan alias Gautam, carrying a reward of Rs 1 lakh on his head, was arrested from Chandauti police station area of Gaya district late last night, police said today.

On a tip-off from state intelligence, they arrested Gautam from near Chandauti police station, deputy inspector general of police (Magadh range) Umesh Kumar Singh said.

Gautam, secretary of the special committee of the Naxal outfit in Bihar and Jharkhand, was wanted by the police of the two states in several cases of violence.

Gautam is suspected to be involved in the killing of former MP and LJP leader Rajesh Kumar during the last parliamentary polls, the DIG said, adding he was also wanted in connection with the attack on the Dumaria police station recently. (Agencies)


‘Maoists buy cartridges for Rs 110 each’

December 14, 2006

‘Maoists buy cartridges for Rs 110 each’
Gyan Prakash

PATNA: Cartridges are now sold to extremist outfit, Communist Party of India (Maoist), @ Rs 110 per cartridge.

This revelation was made by Raju Kumar, Ramu Kumar and 40-year-old Nilu Devi during their interrogation by the police. The trio were caught by the Bakhtiarpur police on Saturday following a tip-off provided by the state intelligence wing, special branch.

Police sources said the trio, carrying a bag containing 380 cartridges of .315 bore, were arrested from a famous motel in Champapur village under the Bakhtiarpur police station where they had gone in a Wagon R to strike a deal with the buyer.

As they took out the bag, the waiting policemen in civvies swooped on them.

The sources said Ramu used to take the cartridges to the Naxalite-hit areas such as Bhagwanganj, Masaurhi and Jehanabad while Raju acted as the middleman. He used to get something between Rs 15 and Rs 20 from the Maoists as commission on every cartridge.

Police said these cartridges were brought from Kanpur from one Sushil Kumar, who is popularly known among arms dealers as S Kumar.

S Kumar had an arms dealership in Biharsharif but he had abandoned the shop and shifted his base to Kanpur as his illegal deals and links with Maoists became public.

After the dust settled on the matter, S Kumar opened a plastic shop at the same place in Biharsharif to camouflage his illegal deals.

This plastic shop was being looked after by Ramu, a local resident. Sources said Raju had purchased the cartridges for the Bakhtiarpur deal from Kanpur for Rs 90 each.

As for the role of Nilu, the sources said she was phua (aunt) of Raju and was accompanying them to make it look like a family trip.

Ranvir Sena makes plans to take on Maoists with help from Nitish Kumar

December 6, 2006

With backing of Nitish Kumar head of the Mafia Raj in Bihar,the Ranvir
Sena seems to be all set unleash it’s terror in Bihar
The Ranvir Sena prides itself on it’s abilities to massacare
unarmed dalit men and raping their women and children.

Ranvir Sena makes plans to take on Maoists with help from Nitish Kumar

Patna, Nov 16 (IANS) Bihar seems to be headed for more lawlessness with the upper caste militia Ranvir Sena declaring after a strategy meeting to expand its network that it would be using trained former armymen to take on Maoist guerrillas.

After keeping a low profile over the last few years, the Sena, which has been accused of dozens of massacres in the state, is clearly stirring again. It held a meeting two days ago, not in an inaccessible dense forest like the Maoists do but in a village in Patna district, said an official.

And, despite the fact that hundreds of activists from not only Bihar but also other states like Uttar Pradesh attended the meeting, police and intelligence officials did not have a clue.

According to a Ranvir Sena release, the meet chose leader Trayambakeshwar as the new chief. ‘Now Sena strategy, activities and plans would be guided by the new chief.’

The release added that the meeting had finalised strategy to take on Maoist guerrillas and widen its network in districts bordering Nepal. ‘The Sena would use trained former armymen from its cadres to check the growth of Maoist guerrillas,’ it stated.

A senior Sena activist said the perception was that the Nitish Kumar government was sympathetic to it. This was indicated by the chief minister winding up the panel probing the Ranvir Sena’s alleged political links.

From the Economic and Political Weekly Archives , April 2005 – The Naxalite Movement in Central Bihar

November 30, 2006

Economic and Political Weekly April 2005

The Naxalite Movement in Central Bihar
– By Bela Bhatia

The main achievement of the Naxalite movement in central Bihar is that it has empowered the labouring and oppressed classes. The equations of power have changed drastically.

Yet, the quality of material life in the villages has not improved because the Naxalite leaders are not interested in ‘development’. There is now a tiredness among the people, which has resulted in a stalemate. The Naxalite movement will thrive only if it lets people’s concerns guide the vision of the parties. Another problem is factionalism; if the movement unites and focuses on people’s concerns it could make a real difference in Bihar.

Please note this article was published in April 2005 and
since then there have been many changes and the movement itself has
evolved and consolidated itself.
Download the full Article – 14 pages – PDF format

Maoists drop capital punishment in BiharAdd to Clippings

November 28, 2006

Maoists drop capital punishment in Bihar

PATNA: The popular Maoist guerrillas in Bihar have now promised not to award capital sentence or chop off an ear, nose and hands of anyone found guilty in their kangaroo courts.

In a major shift from its decades-old tradition of inflicting harsh punishments to those it found to be criminals or betrayers, the Communist Party of India (Maoist) will now let villagers decide on the quantum of punishment.

“The central committee of the CPI(M) has decided not to award death sentences or chop off noses, ears and hands as punishment,” a CPI(M) leader who identified himself as Manish said over telephone from Gaya, about 100 km from Patna.

The rebels used to hold their jan adalat or people’s courts in villages and forest areas to punish rich landowners, police informers, corrupt government officials, contractors and party betrayers.

Security forces see the Maoists’ decision as a calculated move to win some popular support.

“The CPI(M) is trying to soften its image – that of a barbaric outfit,” a police official said.

In rural Bihar, fear of punishment from Maoists remains deep rooted after decades.

Maoist guerrillas, claiming to fight for the landless and poor, have a strong presence in over a dozen districts in the state and are spreading their network in districts bordering Nepal.

Maoists kill abducted couple

November 24, 2006

Maoists kill abducted couple

HAZARIBAG: The CPI (Maoist) activists, who had kidnapped a couple at village Galhobar situated in the dense forests under the Bishnugarh police station of the district, killed them on Sunday night, police sources said here on Monday.

The couple, identified as Subodh Ravidas and his wife Kavita Devi, were kidnapped by four Maoists and taken to the nearby forest. When the couple did not return home till evening, villagers frantically searched them, but could not get any trace of the missing couple.

Later, villagers lodged an FIR with the Bishnugarh police station in this connection. The Bishnugarh police then launched a combing operation and recovered the bodies on Sunday night.