Archive for the ‘CPI’ Category

Bihar CPI leader`s house attacked by Maoists

August 1, 2007

Begusarai, Aug 01: Maoist rebels blew up the house of senior CPI leader Dinesh Singh at Nonpur village in Bihar’s Begusarai district, police said Wednesday.

Heavily armed rebels swooped on the village and used dynamite to blow up the house last night, they said.

Singh’s kin fled from the house when they came to know about the rebels raiding the village. No casualties were reported, police said.

Raids were being conducted at different places to apprehend the rebels.

Bureau Report


Indian communists take to caste mobilisation

July 11, 2007

Parliamentary communists take to caste mobilisation

New Delhi, July 3 (IANS) After asserting for decades that only class matters, Indian communists are finally organising the poorest of the poor, the Dalits in particular, along caste lines.

Leaders of the Communist Party of India (CPI) and Communist Party of India-Marxist (CPI-M) say there is growing realisation that caste cannot be ignored in the political arena.

‘Caste is a social reality whether we agree or not. It is important that the Dalit question is addressed earnestly (by communists),’ said CPI’s deputy leader D. Raja, a Rajya Sabha MP and the country’s most senior Left leader of Dalit origin.

‘It is imperative that the communists should strengthen class struggle in a comprehensive way,’ Raja told IANS.

A senior CPI-M leader who did want to be identified by name admitted that his party was increasingly networking with Dalits as a community, which forms 16 percent of India’s population and which is overwhelmingly poor and destitute.

‘Earlier we had a doctrinaire position on this, like some algebra problem,’ the leader said. ‘Caste is a reality. It is part of our social structure. You have to deal with it.

‘Dalits themselves see the value of Dalit mobilisation. They see themselves as Dalits first. That is why the appeal of Dalit groups has increased. The Left has to take this into account.’

In recent times, the CPI-M and other Left groups have organised seminars and meetings on the Dalit question and also held huge demonstrations that have drawn large numbers of Dalits, once derisively known as ‘untouchables’.

For a long time since its formation in 1925, the CPI – one of the oldest communist parties in the world – refused to pay heed to the caste divides saying that caste identity would get suppressed by class struggle.

The Dalits occupy the bottom heap in caste-ridden Indian society. Upper castes have traditionally tormented and tortured them, producing a cruel system that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh has compared with apartheid.

Economically too, the Dalits are the worst off, often doing menial jobs no one else wants. Over the decades, they did join the Left groups in large numbers. But the Left saw them as peasants, as workers, as poor – not as Dalits.

Although discrimination against Dalits has waned in urban areas, it is a reality in rural areas across the country.

The steady growth of the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) and caste-based parties such as Samajwadi Party and Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) in northern India robbed the Left of a lot of their support base. Naturally, the CPI and CPI-M began looking at caste with a fresh perspective.

The CPI-M leader, who is a member of the party’s Central Committee, however, accused the CPI and the radical Communist Party of India-Marxist Leninist (CPI-ML) of having become ‘casteist’ in places like Bihar.

‘Caste has to be understood in the context of the cross-cutting reality,’ the leader said. ‘There are now conscious efforts to enter Dalit politics. But CPI and CPI-ML are espousing caste identity at the cost of class differences. In a way they have reversed the old dogma.’

Raja pointed out that the caste divide was unique to Indian society and that much of what Dalit icon B.R. Ambedkar preached was close to communist ideas on issues such as state control of industry and banks.

K. Elangovan, a former student leader at the Jawaharlal Nehru University here and who served in the CPI for years, feels the communists are unlikely to make much headway despite their newfound understanding of the Indian social system.

‘There was a time when communist parties dubbed caste consciousness as false consciousness,’ Elangovan told IANS from Chennai, where he is now a lawyer. ‘The cadres never had an answer to caste question. It happened to me personally.’

The CPI-M leader admitted there were dangers in caste empowerment.

‘There will be no immediate benefits for us in the short run,’ he said. And we have to figure out this question as we go along. For now, we are only organising the Dalits, no other caste.’

© 2007 Indo-Asian News Service

CIA documents reveal that CPI had infiltrated Indian Army in 1950

June 28, 2007

A right wing reactionary blog recently carried this post about how the
CPI had infiltrated the Indian army in the 1950’s.

The Indian Army no doubt has its fair share of dedicated ,selfless,
gentlemen one wonders how they are planning to commemorate
the 150th anniversary of the Revolt of 1857 ?

The ultimate tribute to the heroes of 1857 will be to re- enact
the same revolt on a nationwide scale and join the Hurricance
which will go down in history as the Third Freedom Struggle.

Is anybody in the Indian Army Listening ?

Below article from a right wing reactionary blog linked to an intelligence
think tank.

We don’t endorse what the article says posting it here for informational

CIA documents throw light on the state of communist movement in 1950

The CIA today released a collection of declassified analytic monographs and reference aids, designated within the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) Directorate of Intelligence (DI) as the CAESAR, ESAU, and POLO series, highlights the CIA’s efforts from the 1950s through the mid-1970s to pursue in-depth research on Soviet and Chinese internal politics and Sino-Soviet relations. Of particular interest to India is a 3 part series on the border dispute with China but more juicy document is 12 MB dossier on the Indian Communist Party, this should stir up politics in India at a time when the Manmohan Singh, Sonia Gandhi lead Congress has accorded unprecedented leverage to the Communists who are celebrating 30 years of rule in Bengal.

Offstumped has reviewed the documents and was amazed to learn the extent to which the Communists looked for direction from Russia and China, sought support and approval and pretty much sub-ordinated national interest at the altar of a dubious ideology and subservience to the Chinese.

Below are a few highlights:

First we turn our focus to the border dispute with China to get a sense of Nehru’s naivety in his approach to dealing with the Chinese.

Nehru believed China’s Communist Leaders were amenable to Gentlemanly persuasion

Nehru’s strategy was defensive and he believed strengthening Indian Economy to resist a Chinese Military Attack was adequate

China’s short term policy was not to alert Nehru on the wide gap between Chinese and Indian claims on border and hence they lied about Chinese maps

Chinese leaders recognized that India neither by temperament nor by capability was a Military threat

China’s strategy was to use diplomatic channels to cut out Indian press, public and parliament. It was a 5 year masterpiece in guile. It played on Nehru’s Asian anti-imperialist mental attitude his proclivity to temporize and his sincerity for peace with China.

What China conceded with the Left Hand it retrieved with the Right Hand

Had it not been Nehru but a more military minded man who was Prime Minister in Oct 1959, a priority program to prepare India to eventually fight would have been started.

The 3 part series goes into excruciating detail on the series of events on this dispute. Expect more from Offstumped on this in later posts.

Now we turn attention to the dossier on the Indian Communist Parties.

The dossier runs into all of 185 pages. Its focus was on the split within the Indian Communist Parties into Pro-Soviet and Pro-Chinese factions. While recounting the sequence of events drawing from many sources including a book by Minoo Masani. A good portion of the dossier is dedicated to the CPI post Independence under Ranadive with his Pro-Soviet approach and his differences with the Telangana section of the party which was toeing the Maoist line. The dossier notes the April 1957 election win of the CPI in Kerala as the first such development in history were a Communist Party attained power through an election. It then notes that

in July 1957 through a reliable source that EMS Namboodaripad was asked by the Soviets to forward a full report to Moscow on the methods used to attain power via elections

Another juicy detail implicates Harikishen Singh Surjit and others on working with the Soviet Communists to setup an underground party.

In Feb 1958 an official of the Soviet Embassy contacted CPI Leaders to renew the request to setup an underground organization. While AjoY Ghosh refused, HK Surjeet and others privately decided that Ghosh was taking a complacent line and decided to reach out to the CPSU outside of party channels.

Here is where things get murky

the CPI did proceed to recruit a secret organization within the Indian Army

Subsequent events saw the beginning of the tilt of the hard left faction of the CPI towards China. The dossier quotes Basavapunniah a CPI leader

the real source of inspiration for the CPI should be Communist China, and he planned to talk to Chinese Leaders as a Disciple talks to his teachers

Some more murky details of how China and Russia influenced the CPI to setup a parallel state apparatus.

In February 1959, Ajoy Ghosh in his report to the Central Executive Committee that China Russia insisted that the CPI must develop a standby apparatus capable of armed resistance, while intensifying penetration of Indian Military forces.

After the Nehru Government dismissed the Kerala Communist Government on July 31 1959 there was further movement within the Party to revive its illegal activities.

From 6 to 8 August 1959 hard leftists urged a revival of CPI illegal apparatus to be run from the party secretariat

More Murky Details of CPI supporting China during the Tibetan invasion

In April 1959 Ranadive met with the Chinese Ambassador during which he

Offered CPI’s support to China on Tibet, and advised China to concentrate its attacks on rightist Anti-Chinese Indian leaders

Further in August in a letter to the Chinese Communist Party drafted by Ajay Ghosh and Ranadive the CPI urged the Chinese to

single out particularly the Praja Socialist Party and the Jan Sangh for attack as suggested in the April meeting with the Ambassador

More evidence of the sedition and treasonous role played by the hard left of the CPI

In the September Central Executive Committee meeting Ajoy Ghosh argued against the tendency to welcome chinese military presence on Indian borders to justify a new militant line for the CPI. This was rejected by the hard left who argued that

with the PLA now present along the Indian Border the Indian Party had a channel of support for Armed Operations and a potential liberator in the event of mass uprisings.

The CIA reports that this line was repeated multiple times. It was first reported on 13 Sept 1959 by Basavapunniah, Ranadive, Jaipal Singh head of secret illegal apparatus.

However the dossier gets interesting as it moves to the 1960s closer to the formal split in the party. An interesting aspect of the split:

In 1960 the West Bengal faction of the Communist Party passed a resolution criticizing the conduct of the Soviet Communist Party and Khrushchev by name while supporting the Chinese Communist Party

The CIA calls definitely the only such resolution to have ever been passed by any Communist Party in the whole world.

The year 1960 ended with this faction of the CPI continuing to report to the Chinese Party and to receive guidance from it

Ajoy Ghosh also reported to the Central Executive that during his Peking visit Mao had revealed that China wished to exercise more control on Communist Parties in Asia.

The most concentrated of these Communist Activities were to be in West Bengal

Evidence of Chinese Influence in the growth of Communist Party in West Bengal

A new Chinese Party consul in Calcutta in Sept of 1960 held several meetings with members of the West Bengal party.

4 powerful radio sets had been installed in the office of the China Review in Calcutta to listen to broadcasts from Peking

handouts were given based on these broadcasts for propaganda work

The CIA also reports of indications from 1959 of

Chinese Financial Subsidies to sections of the CPI particularly the left faction strongholds in West Bengal

Basavapunniah also reports to two CPI Leaders later on that

a foreign supply base was now available for the underground organizations with Chinese occupation of Tibet and other frontier areas

In Sept 1960 the first evidence of a vertical split in the CPI became evident with the hard left faction comprising Jyoti Basu, Harikishen Singh Surjit, Basavapunniah, Sundarayya and Ranadive supporting the Chinese position on the Indo-Sino border dispute.

Earlier in August further murky evidence of the hard left seeking chinese support in a written letter.

asking for collaboration in Indian underground organization work aimed at an eventual revolution, because China has a border with India and can provide arms and supplies

Finally more evidence of anti-national stance of the Jyoti Basu lead West Bengal faction

When Z.A. Ahmed indicated that the Party should take a nationalist stand on Chinese incursions to India, he was severely berated by the West Bengal faction

Shun violence, Narayana appeals to Naxals

June 17, 2007

Shun violence, Narayana appeals to Naxals
Sunday June 3 2007 11:19 IST

KHAMMAM: CPI State secretary K Narayana on Saturday called upon the Naxalites to shun violence and join the mainstream to fight for protecting the rights of Adivasis.

He participated in a public meeting organised by Akhila Bharata Adivasi Mahasabha at Charla mandal in Bhadrachalam mandal.

He alleged that the Chhattisgarh Government was encouraging Salwa Judum to attack innocent Adivasis in a bid to suppress the Naxalites.

The Chhattisgarh Government had no right to be in power as it was provoking anti-social elements against Adivasis, he alleged.


CPI deplores attack on party MP

June 17, 2007

Hyderabad, June 15: Andhra Pradesh State Council of the Communist Party of India (CPI) has demanded the arrest of police officials who had brazenly attempted an attack on party MP Aziz Pasha and human rights activist and lawyer Jaya Vindhyala when naxal leader Konapuri Ramulu came to surrender at the DGP office here.

CPI State secretary K. Narayana, in a statement here on Thursday said a police party in plain clothes tried to intercept the MP who was accompanying the naxalite leader planning to surrender before the police. Ramulu contacted CPI MP Suravaram Sudhakar Reddy expressing his intention to surrender and the latter contacted the police officials.

When the police top brass directed them to surrender the naxalite at the DGP’s office, Mr. Aziz Pasha had accompanied him along with Ms. Vindhyala.

Questioning the Government’s policy on naxalism, Mr. Narayana asked whether it wanted naxals to surrender at all.


Salwa Judum goons terrorise bastar..

June 5, 2007

Seven CPI workers injured in clash

Raipur, June 3: At least seven CPI members, including a panchayat representative, were seriously injured today in a clash with activists of anti-Naxal movement Salwa Judum in Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh.

“All the seven injured have been admitted to Dornapal hospital in a serious condition,” CPI national executive member Chitta Ranjan Bakshi told reporters from Dantewada.

When contacted, Dantewada police confirmed the incident and said SP Rahul Sharma had left for the spot.

The incident took place near Dornapal when the CPI leaders and workers were returning from Cherla in neighbouring Andhra Pradesh after attending a meeting against the Salwa Judum and Naxal threat, police and CPI leaders said.

About 20,000 people had left their villages in Dantewada district because of the Salwa Judum and Naxal threat and took shelter in Andhra Pradesh and it was a CPI organised meeting in Cherla against their forced ouster, Bakshi said.

Initially, the vehicles of CPI leaders were blocked near Injeram, because of which they returned to Konta block headquarters and with police escort they crossed the Konta police station area, CPI leaders said.

After crossing the Konta area, they were passing through Dornapal area when Salwa Judum activists stopped their vehicles.

“Initially there was a verbal duel followed by the attack in which at least seven CPI leaders and workers were seriously injured and admitted to hospital.”


CPI fomenting trouble against steel plants: Raman Singh

May 3, 2007

CPI fomenting trouble against steel plants: Raman Singh
From correspondents in Chhattisgarh, India, 08:30 AM IST

Chhattisgarh Chief Minister Raman Singh has accused the Communist Party of India (CPI) of inciting tribal villagers against two proposed steel plants, but says his government is committed to industrialisation and will not relocate the projects.

‘The CPI, which is offering land to industries in West Bengal despite violent protests by land oustees, has stoked tension by provoking locals for violence in Bastar’s Lohandiguda area where Tata Steel plans to set up an integrated steel plant,’ Singh told IANS.

‘The same elements are whipping up sentiments and inciting tribals at Dhurli and Bhansi villages, the proposed site of a mega steel plant by Essar Steel. They have largely misguided innocent tribal farmers,’ he said.

‘The state government is determined to ensure that steel majors should smoothly install plants in Bastar’s identified sites’.

Singh said this comes after 10 tribal-dominated villages of Lohandiguda block under the Chitrakot assembly segment revolted against the government decision to acquire 5,098 acres of land for Tata Steel.

As many as 101 families will have to be moved from their ancestral houses while a total of 1,200 families be affected by loss of home or land.

These families told the district administration in April that they would not surrender their farmlands for financial compensation to Tata Steel which got a written deal with the state government in June 2005 to bring in Rs.100 billion for a 5 million tonne per annum (mta) steel plant.

The villagers have threatened that Tata’s plant would come up only over their dead body. Even a local legislator of the ruling Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), Lachhuram Kashyap, has extended full support to the farmers.

There has also been strong resentment against Essar Steel that plans to acquire 1,480 acres of land belonging to 69 Muria tribal families for a two-phased 3.2 mta steel plant at Dhurli and Bhansi villages in Dantewada. The company plans to invest Rs.70 billion for the planned steel unit.

The protest against Essar turned violent April 1 when two farmers who were supporting the plant were allegedly killed by Maoists.

Soon after the killings, the residents of the two villages announced that ‘Essar officials and their agents will not be allowed to even enter the villages’.

‘Everything was going well until recently, but the situation became volatile after CPI national leader Gurudas Dasgupta visited the Tata and Essar project sites in March and made provocative speeches.

‘Now the situation is really not conducive and the government has to handle it with very cautiously.’

The developments in mineral-rich Chhattisgarh are significant as they come at a time when the industrialisation drive in West Bengal has suffered a blow due to violent protests against land acquisition.

But Raman Singh said: ‘The Chhattisgarh government is committed to industralisation and working for improving the quality of lives of millions of decades old marginalized tribal population of Bastar. I am hopeful the government will persuade farmers to surrender land.’

‘Currently, there is no plan to shift the proposed steel plant venues of Tata and Essar in view of locals protest. The farmers are sensible enough to understand their interest. The land deadlock issue will have a peaceful solution soon,’ Singh remarked.